In addition to the information contained in the Preliminary
report, we examined the following questions using data from
the survey. We examined responses from MLA national members
only. These questions and their answers were discussed during
the WG session in Boston.
These questions are couched in terms of hypotheses
and statistically significant responses. By "statistically
significant" or "statistically significant difference"
we mean that, according to the statistical test used, these results
would happen by chance at most only 5 times in 100. The actual
numbers from the tests (run in SPSS) are not listed here for reasons
of space. They will be included in the final report of the Working
In looking at job categories (reference librarian, cataloger, administrator) we considered someone to belong to a particular category if 50% or more of their time was spent on those activities. These categories were mutually exclusive-for example, no one spending 50% or more of their time on cataloging also spent 50% of their time doing reference or administrative work. In considering salaries, we used only salaries of those who had full-time work.
Please note: These results are preliminary and may change as we reexamine the data. Hence do not consider them as the last word on these particular issues.
Hypothesis: Reference librarians and administrators are more likely to have a graduate degree in music than catalogers.
No statistically significant differences were
found. All three groups are equally likely to have music graduate
Hypothesis: Public librarians and academic librarians are equally likely to have graduate degrees in music.
Those working in academic libraries are more likely
to have graduate degrees in music. (This result is statistically
significant at the .05 level) This is one of the few areas in
which public and academic librarians differ.
Hypothesis: Administrators are more likely than catalogers or reference librarians to publish articles, reviews, or books, and academic librarians are more likely to publish than are public librarians.
Actually, there are no statistically significant
differences between any of these groups with regard to scholarly
activity save that administrators are more likely to author or
co-author books than reference or catalog librarians.
Hypothesis: Male MLA members are more likely than female MLA members to publish, perform, etc. etc.
In general, there are no statistically significant
differences between men and women regarding scholarly activity.
Hypothesis: Women are more likely than men to serve on the MLA board, chair a committee, be appointed to a committee . (etc.)
There are no statistically significant differences
when comparing gender to participation in any of the MLA activities
Hypothesis: There are differences between public librarians and academic librarians in MLA participation.
None we have yet discovered. There are no statistically
significant differences when comparing participation in specific
MLA activities to the type of library (academic vs. public) in
which MLA members worked.
Hypothesis: You are more likely to be elected to the board if you are from the Northeast.
We did not find that MLA members from northeastern
states were proportionally more likely to be elected to the board
than MLA members from the rest of the country. Note also that
there appears to be no statistically significant relationship
between board membership and the possession of an MLS or a graduate
degree in music.
Hypothesis: Male MLA members earn more than female MLA members.
There appears to be no statistically significant
difference between the average salary of men and women employed
full-time who are MLA national members. This holds true for the
few subgroups we looked at as well (e.g. those with an accredited
Hypothesis: Surely administrators earn more than reference librarians or catalogers.
Yes. The average salary of those spending half
or more of their time on administrative work is greater than that
of reference or catalog librarians, and this difference is statistically
Hypothesis: Public librarians earn more than academic librarians.
There does not appear to be a statistically significant
salary difference between these two groups.
Hypothesis: There are statistically significant differences in job satisfaction measures between men / women, academic / public librarians, or catalogers / reference / administrators.
In general, apparently not, but this area needs
more research. It seems, however, that there are no gender-related
or library-related differences on any of the individual measures
of job satisfaction.
Hypothesis: Women are more likely than men to make changes in their job or education due to family responsibilities.
Yes, but (because of small cell sizes) the only
significant differences are in 'resigned position to relocate
with spouse or family.' Most MLA members did not indicate family
responsibilities caused them to make changes in job or education.
These are some of the issues we have been able to
test statistically. Now we would like your help. Please have a
look at the full questionnaire. If there are specific questions
or groups of related questions or issues which you would like
us to research, please let any of the members of the working group
know. We will do our best to look at your questions or interests
and incorporate them into our final report.
MLA Working Group on Music Library Personnel Characteristics:
David Lesniaski, chair; Timothy Cherubini, Charles Coldwell, Pat
Fisken, Richard Griscom, Michelle Koth, Renee McBride, Cindy Richardson.